Are you a bit lost with so many spearguns to choose from? There are so many different models and new products coming out every year, it’s often difficult to keep up with things especially if you’re new to the sport.
So, to avoid choosing the wrong speargun, find out how to use one and look after it, read this Tribord guide!
The key components of a speargun
With a speargun you can set off spearfishing, tracking down fish and octopus thanks to a spear launched at high speed by a strong elastic band. Here are several important parts of spearguns you need to be familiar with to allow you to compare them when buying your own speargun.
A speargun is comprised of a handle enabling you to hold it and shoot by pulling the trigger. Some models have ergonomic handles, others are made for left-handed or right-handed divers, and last but not least, spearguns have “user-friendly” safety systems.
Take the time to look carefully at handles when you’re in the store to buy your speargun because the handle is often what makes the difference between two models!
Speargun handles have a barrel attached to them. Made of carbon, they are expensive but very light and sturdy. Aluminium barrels cost less but are heavier.
Barrels differ in terms of their length and weight with the diameter varying between 25mm (for lighter models) and 28mm for more solid guns.
Bands and spears
On this barrel the elastic bands are mounted. They propel the spear. Ideally made with stainless steel, they have a diameter of at least 6mm.
A reel, optional, allows you to wind and have a large quantity of line which connects your gun to the spear. It will make ascending with large fish easier if you’ve been spearfishing in deep water. A positive for your safety.
Ensure there is a fastening system on the barrel of the model you’ve decided to buy!
A speargun adapted to its type of spearfishing
Tracking down fish in holes
Opt for a model measuring between 35 and 70cm. Less cumbersome, this gun will enable you to access narrow rifts and awkwardly placed holes. When you’re close to your target, you won’t need great range or a high level of accuracy. And, of course, a reel isn’t needed in this situation!
Catching fish by surprise
You swim on the seabed and go looking for fish in order to take them by surprise near a rock, finning here and there. You need a rather light fusil to move around easily without getting too tired. A 70 to 90cm will do the job.
Perfectly still and calm on the seabed, you wait for your prey to pass in front of you before shooting. You should buy a speargun measuring 90cm or more. The weight of the barrel isn’t too important here as you can support your body on the seabed with your elbows.
What’s more, spearfishing suits are specially reinforced on the knees, elbows and torso. Just what the doctor ordered for accuracy and range (providing visibility is good enough!).
Open water spearfishing
You need to go offshore in open water to do this type of spearfishing. A minimum length of 1m will be ideal in terms of both the necessary range and accuracy. Choose a light barrel with a good reel to make sure you don’t miss out on big catches while always keeping safe!
A speargun suited to your spearfishing level
Beginners should choose short spearguns between 50 and 70cm, easy to handle and use. They combine accuracy and range while also being versatile. 16mm diameter will be fine to help you reload. This initial gun is ideal to learn about spearfishing and test different techniques.
Are you already an intermediary to expert level spearfisher? Then don’t hesitate to move on to a gun that will match your activity and the conditions you are used to. Use bigger and bigger spearguns to gradually improve your accuracy and increase your range. This is a real advantage if visibility is good. Depending on your strength, you can also increase the diameter of the elastic bands which will give your more power.
Tribord safety rules and speargun care
A priority: when you’re not using your gun, leave the elastic bands loose to avoid any risk of the spear being fired by accident, up in the air in particular. Likewise, between two outings, put a protective cover on the spear tip. Never leave your speargun within the range of children. Hold it by the barrel when you’re on the surface.
Careful rinsing is recommended after each dive. Dry the speargun in the shade afterwards, before storing it away from the light.
Take advantage of this care process to check the state of the elastic bands by shooting “before and after” each time you use it. If you spot any rips or cracks, get them seen to! The spear tip must also be in perfect condition. Lastly, don’t hesitate to grease the mechanical parts of your speargun on a regular basis.
One last tip -if you go for a well-known brand, you’re guaranteed to be able to buy spare parts and accessories in the long term. Worth thinking about!